Activate accessible linear format for this web page.
Environment Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Common menu bar links

UV Index Calculator

This page lets you find out approximately what UV Index you can expect anywhere on earth and at any time of year.

The UV Index varies according to several factors. So the numbers you get will be only approximations.

  • The angle that the sun is. This depends on where you are, the time of year and the time of day. When it is vertical, the rays take the shortest path through the ozone layer, so the UV Index is the highest.
  • The thickness of the ozone layer. This depends on where you are and the time of year. It also changes from day to day. It can vary naturally by up to 25 percent from normal. In the polar ozone holes it can decrease by as much as 70 percent.
  • Your altitude above sea level. The UV Index increases by 4 percent per 300 metres (1000 feet) of altitude.
  • Other factors. If there is snow on the ground it will increase. In a snowy city, about 10 percent. In a snowy forest, about 25 percent. In the tundra or a treeless plain, about 40 percent. If you are in the mountains you will get an increase due to altitude and also an increase due to snow.
  • Thick clouds will reduce the UV Index. Thin clouds will reduce it only a little, or not at all. If you can see your shadow, the Index is not reduced.

First enter any adjustments you may have, and click on the part of the world map you want to know about. Then you will get the opportunity to select the time of year.

Click on a part of it to get a graph for the corresponding date, showing how the UV Index varies during the day.

Altitude    metres    feet
Adjust ozone layer up (+) or down (-) by this many percent from normal
Adjust UV Index up (+) or down (-) by this many percent (e.g. for snow)